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Keihin Automotive Manufacturing, Michigan Division

Smart Space Mezzanine – Keihin Automotive Manufacturing, Michigan Division.

Keihin, An automotive systems management company reached out to Smart Space Mezzanine with concern for growing more space in their Capac, Michigan facility. When companies run out of ground floor space, they get smart and move their business upwards. The versatility and ease of mezzanines are great ways to provide your company with more room to grow.

Keihin’s required a 60’ x 90’ mezzanine to help with their space issues. Smart Space Mezzanine drew up the mezzanine which A&A Engineering approved for construction. Fabricated in Clay Center, Ohio the mezzanine was shipped to Keihin’s Michigan facility in Capac, Michigan where assembly began on June 30.

All steel joists were provided by Nucor Steel taking the mezzanines structural integrity to its highest ability, which is needed for the concrete pan deck being poured on top. Handrail up top is steel that will be lined with plexiglass provided by AIN plastics with an IBC 2012 approved staircase leading up to it.

Beech Design and Manufacturing constructed and shipped a freight elevator to be installed to help provide lifting power to move heavy items to the mezzanine deck for use and storage.

The next step for Smart Space Mezzanine is to place the steel b-decking up top where the concrete floor will be poured and installed. This will allow a structurally sound floor where many different projects and take place such as installing offices, product racks for storage and machinery to provide a more versatile workspace.

Keihin2 Keihin3 Keihin4 Keihin5 Keihin6 Keihin7


2012 International Building Code IBC

A new project built to 2012 International Building Code   IBC


Section 1009 Stairways

1009.4 Width.  The width of stairways shall be determined as specified in section 1005.1, but such width shall not be less than 44 inches (1118mm). see section 1007.3 for accessible means of egress stairways.


  1.  Stairways serving an occupant load of less than 50 shall have a width of not less than 36 inches (914 mm).
  2.  Solid risers are not required for stairways that are not required to comply with section 1007.3,  provided that the opening between treads does not permit the passage of a sphere with a diameter of 4 inches (102 mm).
  3. Solid risers are not required for occupancies in Group I-3 or in Group F, H and S occupancies other than areas accessible to the public.   There are no restrictions on the size of the opening in the riser.

1009.5 Headroom.  Stairways shall have a minimum headroom clearance of 80 inches (2032 mm) measured vertically from a line connecting the edge of the nosing’s.   Such headroom shall be continuous above the stairway to the point where the line intersects the landing below, one tread depth beyond the bottom riser.  The minimum clearance shall be maintained the full width of the stairway and landing.

1009.7.2 Riser height and tread depth.  Stair riser heights shall  be 7 inches (178mm) maximum and 4 inches (102mm) minimum .   The riser height shall be measured vertically between the nosing’s of adjacent treads.  Rectangular tread depths shall be 11 inches (279 mm) minimum measured horizontally between the vertical planes of the foremost projection of adjacent treads and at a right angle to the tread’s nosing.

1009.7.4 Dimensional uniformity.  Stair tread and risers shall be of uniform size and shape.   The tolerance between the largest and smallest riser height or between the largest  and smallest tread depth shall not exceed 3/8 inch (9.5 mm) in any flight of stairs.

1009.7.5.3 Solid risers.  Risers shall be solid.


1009.8 Stairway landings.   There shall be a floor or landing at the top and bottom of each stairway.   The width of landings shall not be less than the width of the stairway.  Where the stairway has a straight run the depth need not exceed 48 inches (1219 mm).

Section 1012 Handrails

1012.1 Where required.  Handrails for stairways and ramps shall be adequate in strength and attachment in accordance with section 1607.8.   Handrails required for stairways by section 1009.15 shall comply with sections 1012.2 through 1012.9.  Handrails required for ramps by section 1010.9 shall comply with sections 1012.2 through 1012.8.

1012.2 Height.   Handrail height, measured above stair tread nosing’s, or finish surface of ramp slope, shall be uniform, not less than 34 inches (864 mm) and not more than 38 inches (965 mm).

1012.3.1 Type I.  Handrails with circular cross section shall have an outside diameter of at least 1-1/4 inches (32mm) and not greater than 2 inches (51 mm).

1012.6 Handrail extensions.  Handrails shall return to a wall, guard or the walking surface or shall be continuous to the handrail of an adjacent stair flight or ramp run.    Where handrails are not continuous between flights, the handrails shall extend horizontally at least 12 inches (305 mm) beyond the top riser and continue to slope for the depth of one tread beyond the bottom riser.

1012.7 Clearance.  Clear space between a handrail and a wall or other surface shall be a minimum of 1-1/2 inches (38 mm).

Section 1013 Guards

1013.1 General.  Guards shall comply with the provisions of section 1013.2 through 1013.7.

1013.2 Where required.  Guards shall be located along open-sided walking surfaces, including mezzanines, equipment platforms, stairs, ramps and landings that are located more than 30 inches (762 mm) measured vertically to the floor of grade below and point within 36 inches (914 mm) horizontally to the edge of the open side.   Guards shall be adequate in strength and attachment in accordance with section 1607.8.

1013.3 Height.  Required guards shall not be less than 42 inches (1067 mm) high, measured vertically as follows:

1.  From the adjacent waling surfaces;

2.  On, stairs, from the line connecting the leading edges of the tread nosings; and

3.  On ramps, from the ramp surface at the guard


Clear Span Structural Steel Mezzanine

Tiger Material Handling, Inc. recently purchased a clear span structural steel mezzanine from Smart Space Mezzanine.

The 25’ clear span was achieved by using bar joists and structural I-beams. Due to the heavy loads foundations were necessary. Service Spring elected to go with hidden base plates. The concrete footer is set 6” below the finished floor. The baseplates were anchored below grade and poured over. The benefit to this design is eliminating trip hazards.

The structural steel stairs have diamond plate treads and a self-supported landing. The stairs stringers are C12x20.7# members. The customer required a heavy duty stairs for this project.

The perimeter is enclosed with 2-rail handrail and 4” kick plate. This handrail has a modular design by using (Slip-On Pipe Fittings: Speed-Rail®). The benefit of the design is future flexibility….

The decking for this project is 20 ga. metal B-deck with ¾” gray diamond seal Resindek. Here is a link for additional information:


This project followed both IBC (International Building Code) and Ohio building code.

The end user is:
Service Spring Corp
6615 Maumee Western Rd
Maumee, OH 43537
Project Engineering and Management:
Daniel N. Young
M. R. Ulrich Engineering, Inc.
5726 Southwyck Blvd. Suite 200
Toledo, Ohio 43614
Phone 419.865.0500
Tiger Material Handling, Inc.
465 Main Street
Clay Center, Ohio 43408
P 855-506-8443

For more information on this project please contact:

Mike Pietrowski
Smart Space Mezzanine
P 888-855-3433
F 419-855-4312


IBC – Custom Stairs with Landings

Smart Space Mezzanines and Structures recently built two custom stairs with landings.

The code used was IBC 2012.

The stairs were constructed C10 x 15.3 for the stringers, 1-1/2” schedule 40 pipe handrail, HSS3x3x1/4” support legs, 3/16” x 1-1/2” serrated bar grating treads and deck.

UPS contracted Smart Space at the following locations:

Project Sales Agent:
Industrial Products, Ltd
180 Bilmar Drive
Pittsburgh, PA 15205
Andrew J. Uhrik
Plumbline Construction, Inc.
1102 Baltimore Pike, Suite 205
Glen Mills, Pa 19342
Construction Manager:
Nicholas Tizol
Construction Management Associate
Integrated Project Services – IPS
721 Arbor Way – Suite 100
Blue Bell, PA 19422

The hardware for this job was ¾” A325 structural, a hot dipped galvanized finish and was performed by AZZ galvanizers


For more information on this project please contact:

Mike Pietrowski
Smart Space Mezzanine
P 888-855-3433
F 419-855-4312


UPS Ramp Project

We were contacted by UPS. Their buildings had no safe and efficient way for ground access. Smart Space Mezzanines and Structures designed heavy duty steel ramps. The ramps allow fork trucks, carts and other equipment to get from the building floor to the ground floor; a 50” elevation change.

UPS contracted Smart Space at the following locations:

3083 Charleston Hwy
West Columbia, SC. 29172
4150 Azalea Drive
Charleston, SC. 29405
250 Belle Hill Road
Elkton, MD. 21921

The alternative to the Smart Space ramp was to install concrete ramps. The advantages to our design are:

• Installation time: in just one day onsite the Smart Space Ramp can be used vs. a 60-90 days for a concrete ramp.
• Flexibility: the Smart Space Ramp can be moved in a matter of hours. The concrete ramp can’t.
• Maintenance: we use open bar grating on the majority of the deck surface. This allows water, snow, dirt and debris to fall through to the ground. A concrete ramp collects everything.

The Smart Space Ramp design: structural steel I-beams and channels, 19W4 serrated 2” x 1/4” bar grating.


If you have an application for a ramp at your facility please contact:

Mike Pietrowski
Smart Space Mezzanine
P 888-855-3433
F 419-855-4312


IBC – Public Access Handrail System

Smart Space Mezzanines and Structures recently upgraded a local church’s stair handrail system.  As you can see from the original photo the rail isn’t high enough and doesn’t appear that it could withstand a 200lb concentrated load.
The stairs and landings rail was replaced with what you see in the three new photos.  This rail was built to the most recent code, International Building Code (IBC) 2012; a few points in the code are:
• Pickets and intermediate railings shall be provided such that a 4-inch diameter sphere cannot pass through any opening up to a height of 34 inches. From a height of 34 inches to 42 inches above the adjacent walking surface, a sphere 8 inches in diameter shall not pass. The triangular openings formed by the riser, tread and bottom rail at the open side of a stairway shall be of a maximum size such that a sphere of 6 inches in diameter cannot pass through the opening.
• Guardrails and Handrails shall be designed to withstand a 200lb concentrated load applied in any direction and at any point on the top rail. Guardrails and Handrails shall also be designed to withstand a uniform load of 50 lb/ft applied horizontally to the top rail. Uniform loads are not to be applied simultaneously with the concentrated loads.
The end user is:
Concordia Lutheran Church
3636 South Detroit Avenue
Toledo, OH 43614
Project Engineering and Management:
Industrial Tool Service
6818 Wales Rd.
Northwood, OH 43619


Installation Gallery:


For more information on this project please contact:

Mike Pietrowski
Smart Space Mezzanine
P 888-855-3433
F 419-855-4312


Husky Lima Refining Company


Husky’s main lobby atrium staircase was custom built by Smart Space Mezzanines and Structures. This staircase is both elegant and functional. This is a switchback style staircase has an extra-large mid landing and top landing. The 7′ wide concrete pan treads allow multiple personnel to easily access the second floor. This staircase was built to IBC public access code. The finish work consisted of tempered safety glass and aluminum. The railing is completely filled in with glass, preventing anything from falling through. The grab railing is a continuous piece from top to bottom on both the interior and exterior sides.

Contractor:Rudolph/Libbe Inc.
6494 Latcha Rd.
Walbridge, OH 43465


For More Information Contact:Smart Space Mezzannines and Structures
Toledo, Ohio 419-855-3476
Toll Free 888-855-3433



IAC Huron


A custom designed Smart Space Mezzanine was an integral part of a recent project for the IAC Huron, Ohio Manufacturing Facility. The project included a mezzanine extension off an existing mezzanine, structural handrail and a lift out gate.

All of the railing is construction from 1-1/2″ schedule 40 and 80 pipe with 1/4″x4″ toe guard. Tiger then enclosed the entire finished structure with wire partition below. With man doors and slide gates all having keyed locks. It allowed IAC to secure valuable crib items also controlling accessibility. Tiger was responsible for engineering as well as the turnkey installation.


The dealer is:
Bill Patterson
Tiger Material Handling
445 Main Street
Clay Center, OH 43408IAC
1608 Sawmill Parkway
Huron, OH 44839
For More Information Contact:Smart Space Mezzannines and Structures

Toledo, Ohio 419-855-3476
Toll Free 888-855-3433



BP Oregon-Ohio Refining Facility


A custom designed Smart Space Mezzanine and Structure was an integral part of a recent project for the BP Oregon, Ohio Refining Facility. The project included a mezzanine with two IBC metal stairs, structural handrail and a lift out gate.
The mezzanine is constructed from 18K6 bar joist.   The joisted are welded to bearing plates and supported by masonry walls.   The deck is  4″ thick concrete poured on a 0.6C22 metal deck manufactured by Vulcraft Group -Nucor Steel.

All of the railing on this project is lift out.  The railing is construction from 1-1/2″ schedule 40 and 80 pipe with 1/4″x4″ toe guard.

The stairs are built into the office walls.  The treads are diamond plate with closed risers.  The code the stairs are built to is IBC 2009.

The purpose of this project was to move BP employees out of the blast zone. The mezzanine’s purposes are to support the HVAC unit, store records, support office utilities (Lighting, HVAC, Sprinklers, Phone,  and Data). BP realized the importance of utilizing every cubic inch of space.


Project General Contractor:
A.A. Boos & Sons, Inc.
General Contractors
2015 Pickle Road
Oregon, Ohio 43616End user, location and project name:
BP Oil Products North America, Inc.
4001 Cedar Point Road
P.O. Box 696 – Toledo
Oregon, OH 43616
BP – E & I Shop Renovation


For More Information Contact:
Smart Space Mezzannines and Structures
Toledo, Ohio 419-855-3476
Toll Free 888-855-3433



Designetics Production Storage


Smart Space recently sold a mezzanine utilized for production storage.

Designetics’ had to make a choice to either do a building expansion or to utilize existing floor space. They chose to build up with a Smart Space Mezzanine. This mezzanine is a freestanding structure that fits tightly against the plants exterior wall and around the plant’s building columns. The deck cantilevered to the block wall in order to avoid electrical and air lines.

The stairs on this project are an OSHA steel stairs, with diamond plate treads and closed risers. The top landing is built into the mezzanine deck providing a smooth transition. The decking chosen was ResinDek® LD50 laid over VULCRAFT A Division of Nucor Corporation 1.5B 22 gage decking. The handrail and kick plate are attached to the outside of the perimeter framing. This design meets OSHA’s 1910.23(e)(3)(iv) “The anchoring of posts and framing of members for railings of all types shall be of such construction that the completed structure shall be capable of withstanding a load of at least 200 pounds applied in any direction at any point on the top rail.” This design also provides 100% of the mezzanine’s floor space to be used.  The support columns for this project were laid out to clear span 20′ from the exterior wall to the aisle and to line up with existing building columns. This custom layout was the most appropriate for Designetics.  This mezzanine is a structural steel, bolt together, freestanding unit used for production storage.


The dealer is:
Anderson & Associates
30575 Andersen Ct.
Wixom, MI 48393

1624 S. Eber Road
Holland, OH 43528
(Near the Toledo, Ohio Airport)

For More Information Contact:Smart Space Mezzannines and Structures
Toledo, Ohio 419-855-3476
Toll Free 888-855-3433